Periodontal disease, also known as gingivitis (gum disease), is one of the most common causes of tooth loss in adults and sometimes with young patients. It all starts when plaque, which is a sticky film that forms on tooth surface, is made of mostly bacteria. If it is not removed, the plaque hardens to form calculus, a more solid and firm film, calculus deepens the space between the gum and the teeth, forming deep tooth pockets. Early signs of periodontal disease are: bleeding upon brushing, bad breath/ bad taste, change in color (more red) /texture in gum, gum becomes more fluffy or receded, pus between teeth, or pain upon chewing. Treatment starts when it’s in the early stages by light scaling and proper oral hygiene. In advanced cases planning and scaling is needed (SRP). This is done under local anesthesia. In severe cases periodontal surgery and sometimes bone grafting and reshaping is needed. If you need peridontal care, please call us today for an appointment! For additional information please visit am.aec or periodontal.aap.org.